A U.S. District Court makes a final judgement on the complaint against IBM
filed in January 1952 regarding monopolistic practices. A "consent decree"
is signed by IBM, placing limitations on how IBM conducts business with respect
to "electronic data processing machines".
The first transistorized computer is completed, the TX-O (Transistorized
Experimental computer), at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
The Nobel Prize in physics is awarded to John Bardeen, Walter Brattain, and
William Shockley for their work on the transistor.